GIT –  System Manager’s Manual :  ports — contributed applications

PORTS(7)	   FreeBSD Miscellaneous Information Manual	      PORTS(7)

     ports -- contributed applications

     The FreeBSD Ports Collection offers a simple way for users and adminis-
     trators to  applications.  Each port contains any patches neces-
     sary to make the original application source code compile and run on BSD.
     Compiling an application is as simple as typing make build in the port
     directory!  The Makefile automatically fetches the application source
     code, either from a local disk or via FTP, unpacks it on your system,
     applies the patches, and compiles it.  If all goes well, simply type make
     install to install the application.

     It is possible to  and use ports from the FreeBSD repository that
     are newer than the installed system; however it is important to install
     the appropriate ``Upgrade Kit'' from first!
     The portcheckout(1) (ports/ports-mgmt/portcheckout) script (also a port,
     of course!) will help to download new ports.

     For more information about using ports, see ``Packages and Ports'' in The
     FreeBSD Handbook,
     (file:/usr/share/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/ports.html or
     For information about creating new ports, see The Porter's Handbook
     (file:/usr/share/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/porters-handbook/index.html or

     Some of the targets work recursively through subdirectories.  This lets
     you, for example, install all of the ``biology'' ports.  The targets that
     do this are build, checksum, clean, configure, depends, extract, fetch,
     install, and package.

     The following targets will be run automatically by each proceeding target
     in order.	That is, build will be run (if necessary) by install, and so
     on all the way to fetch.  Usually, you will only use the install target.

     config	Configure OPTIONS for this port using dialog(1).

     fetch	Fetch all of the files needed to build this port from the
		sites listed in MASTER_SITES and PATCH_SITES.  See FETCH_CMD,

     checksum	Verify that the fetched distfile's checksum matches the one
		the port was tested against.  Defining NO_CHECKSUM will skip
		this step.

     depends	Install (or compile if only compilation is necessary) any
		dependencies of the current port.  When called by the extract
		or fetch targets, this is run in piecemeal as fetch-depends,
		build-depends, etc.  Defining NO_DEPENDS will skip this step.

     extract	Expand the distfile into a work directory.

     patch	Apply any patches that are necessary for the port.

     configure	Configure the port.  Some ports will ask you questions during
		this stage.  See INTERACTIVE and BATCH.

     build	Build the port.  This is the same as calling the all target.

     install	Install the port and register it with the package system.
		This is all you really need to do.

     The following targets are not run during the normal install process.

     showconfig       Display OPTIONS config for this port.

		      Display OPTIONS config for this port and all its depen-

     rmconfig	      Remove OPTIONS config for this port.

		      Remove OPTIONS config for this port and all its depen-

		      Skip the ports which have already had their OPTIONS con-

		      Configure OPTIONS for this port and all its dependencies
		      using dialog(1).

     fetch-list       Show list of files to be fetched in order to build the

     fetch-recursive  Fetch the distfiles of the port and all its dependen-

		      Show list of files that would be retrieved by

     run-depends-list, build-depends-list
		      Print a list of all the compile and run dependencies,
		      and dependencies of those dependencies, by port direc-

		      Print a list of all dependencies for the port.

     pretty-print-run-depends-list, pretty-print-build-depends-list
		      Print a list of all the compile and run dependencies,
		      and dependencies of those dependencies, by port name and

     missing	      Print a list of missing dependencies to be installed for
		      the port.

     clean	      Remove the expanded source code.	This recurses to
		      dependencies unless NOCLEANDEPENDS is defined.

     distclean	      Remove the port's distfiles and perform the clean tar-
		      get.  The clean portion recurses to dependencies unless
		      NOCLEANDEPENDS is defined, but the distclean portion
		      never recurses (this is perhaps a bug).

     reinstall	      Use this to restore a port after using pkg_delete(1)
		      when you should have used deinstall.

     deinstall	      Remove an installed port from the system, similar to

     deinstall-all    Remove all installed ports with the same PKGORIGIN from
		      the system.

     package	      Make a binary package for the port.  The port will be
		      installed if it has not already been.  The package is a
		      .tbz file that you can use to install the port on other
		      machines with pkg_add(1).  If the directory specified by
		      PACKAGES does not exist, the package will be put into
		      the current directory.  See PKGREPOSITORY and PKGFILE.

		      Like package, but makes a package for each depending
		      port as well.

     package-name     Prints the name with version of the port.

     readmes	      Create a port's README.html.  This can be used from
		      /usr/ports to create a browsable web of all ports on
		      your system!

     search	      Search the INDEX file for the pattern specified by the
		      key (searches the port name, comment, and dependencies),
		      name (searches the port name only), path (searches the
		      port path), info (searches the port info), maint
		      (searches the port maintainer), cat (searches the port
		      category), bdeps (searches the port build-time depen-
		      dency), rdeps (searches the port run-time dependency),
		      www (searches the port web site) make(1) variables, and
		      their exclusion counterparts: xname, xkey etc.  For
		      example, one would type:

			    cd /usr/ports && make search name=query

		      to find all ports whose name matches ``query''.  Results
		      include the matching ports' path, comment, maintainer,
		      build dependencies, and run dependencies.

			    cd /usr/ports && make search name=pear- \

		      To find all ports whose names contain ``pear-'' and
		      which do not have apache listed in build-time dependen-

			    cd /usr/ports && make search name=pear- \

		      To find all ports whose names contain ``pear-'', but not
		      ``html'' or ``http''.

			    make search key=apache display=name,path,info keylim=1

		      To find ports that contain ``apache'' in either of the
		      name, path, info fields, ignore the rest of the record.

		      By default the search is not case-sensitive.  In order
		      to make it case-sensitive you can use the icase vari-

			    make search name=p5-R icase=0

     quicksearch      Reduced search output.  Only display name, path and

     describe	      Generate a one-line description of each port for use in
		      the INDEX file.

     maintainer       Display the port maintainer's email address.

     index	      Create /usr/ports/INDEX, which is used by the
		      pretty-print-* and search targets.  Running the index
		      target will ensure your INDEX file is up to date with
		      your ports tree.

     fetchindex       Fetch the INDEX file from the FreeBSD cluster.

     You can change all of these.

     PORTSDIR	   Location of the ports tree.	This is /usr/ports on FreeBSD
		   and OpenBSD, and /usr/pkgsrc on NetBSD.

     WRKDIRPREFIX  Where to create any temporary files.  Useful if PORTSDIR is
		   read-only (perhaps mounted from a CD-ROM).

     DISTDIR	   Where to find/put distfiles, normally distfiles/ in

     PACKAGES	   Used only for the package target; the base directory for
		   the packages tree, normally packages/ in PORTSDIR.  If this
		   directory exists, the package tree will be (partially) con-
		   structed.  This directory does not have to exist; if it
		   does not, packages will be placed into the current direc-
		   tory, or you can define one of

		   PKGREPOSITORY  Directory to put the package in.

		   PKGFILE	  The full path to the package.

     PREFIX	   Where to install things in general (usually /usr/local).

     MASTER_SITES  Primary sites for distribution files if not found locally.

     PATCH_SITES   Primary locations for distribution patch files if not found

		   If set, go to the master FreeBSD site for all files.

		   Try going to these sites for all files and patches, first.

		   Try going to these sites for all files and patches, last.

		   Try the download locations in a random order.

     MASTER_SORT   Sort the download locations according to user supplied pat-
		   tern.  Example:
			 .dk .se .no .de

		   Where to get INDEX source built on FreeBSD cluster (for
		   fetchindex target).	Defaults to

     FETCHINDEX     to get INDEX (for fetchindex target).  Defaults to
		   ``fetch -am''.

		   If defined, do not let clean recurse to dependencies.

     FETCH_CMD	   Command to use to fetch files.  Normally fetch(1).

		   If set, overwrite any existing package registration on the

     MOTIFLIB	   Location of libXm.{a,so}.

     INTERACTIVE   If defined, only operate on a port if it requires interac-

     BATCH	   If defined, only operate on a port if it can be installed
		   100% automatically.

		   If defined, disable check for  vulnerabilities
		   using portaudit(1) (ports/ports-mgmt/portaudit) when
		   installing new ports.

     NO_IGNORE	   If defined, allow installation of ports marked as
		   <FORBIDDEN>.  The default behavior of the Ports framework
		   is to abort when the installation of a forbidden port is
		   attempted.  Of course, these ports may not work as
		   expected, but if you really know what you are doing and are
		   sure about installing a forbidden port, then NO_IGNORE lets
		   you do it.

     PORT_DBDIR    Directory where the results of configuring OPTIONS are
		   stored.  Defaults to /var/db/ports.	Each port where
		   OPTIONS have been configured will have a uniquely named
		   sub-directory, containing a single file options.

     /usr/ports 		The default ports directory (FreeBSD and
     /usr/pkgsrc		The default ports directory (NetBSD).
     /usr/ports/Mk/	The big Kahuna.

     make(1), pkg_add(1), pkg_create(1), pkg_delete(1), pkg_info(1),

     The following are part of the ports collection:

     portaudit(1), portcheckout(1), portlint(1)

     The FreeBSD Handbook. (searchable index of all ports)

     The Ports Collection appeared in FreeBSD 1.0.  It has since spread to
     NetBSD and OpenBSD.

     This manual page was originated by David O'Brien.

     Ports documentation is split over four places --
     /usr/ports/Mk/, The Porter's Handbook, the ``Packages and
     Ports'' chapter of The FreeBSD Handbook, and this manual page.
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