GIT – An ISO image is an archive file (disk image) of an optical disc using a conventional ISO (International Organization for Standardization) format. ISO image files typically have a file extension of .ISO. The name “ISO” is taken from the ISO 9660 file system used with CD-ROM media, but an ISO image can also contain UDF file system because UDF is backward-compatible to ISO 9660.

You can mount an ISO images via the loop device under Linux. It is possible to specify transfer functions (for encryption/decryption or other purposes) using loop device.

But, how do you mount an ISO image under Linux? You need to use mount as follows:

Procedure to mount ISO images under Linux

1) You must login as a user, if not user then switch to user using following command:

$ su -

2) Create the directory i.e. mount point:

# mkdir -p /mnt/disk

3) Use mount command as follows to mount iso file called disk1.iso:

# mount -o loop disk1.iso /mnt/disk

4) Change directory to list files stored inside an ISO image:

# cd /mnt/disk
# ls -l

More about loop device

A loop device is a pseudo-device that makes a file accessible as a block device. Loop devices are often used for CD ISO images and floppy disc images. Mounting a file containing a filesystem via such a loop mount makes the files within that filesystem accessible. They appear in the mount point directory using above commands.

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