GIT – How do I update 4 to 5 under operating systems?

You can easily specify a port to upgrade using the -o option for both portupgrade and portmaster command. To replace the installed port with a port from a different origin use the syntax as follows:

FreeBSD update php syntax

portupgrade -o {new/port} {old-port}
portmaster -o {new port dir in /usr/ports} {installed port}

WARNING! Backup your data and php / apache configuration before attempting the following commands.

Find out PHP4 version

First, find out php4 version (this is important as you need provide exact version number):
# pkg_info | grep php4
Sample output:

php4-4.4.9          PHP Scripting Language (Apache Module and CLI)

How To Upgrade PHP4 To PHP5

To replace / upgrade php4 with php5 using portmaster command, enter:
# portmaster -o /usr/ports/lang/php5 php4-4.4.9 to upgrade php5
To replace / upgrade php4 with php5 using portupgrade command, enter:
# portupgrade -o lang/php5 php4
Sample output:

** Detected a package name change: php4 (lang/php4) -> 'php5' (lang/php5)
--->  Upgrading 'php4-4.4.9' to 'php5-5.2.9' (lang/php5)
--->  Building '/usr/ports/lang/php5'
===>  Cleaning for php5-5.2.9
===>  Found saved configuration for php5-5.2.8
===>  Extracting for php5-5.2.9
=> MD5 Checksum OK for php-5.2.9.tar.bz2.
=> SHA256 Checksum OK for php-5.2.9.tar.bz2.
=> MD5 Checksum OK for suhosin-patch-5.2.9-0.9.7.patch.gz.
=> SHA256 Checksum OK for suhosin-patch-5.2.9-0.9.7.patch.gz.
......
.....
...===>  REPORT:
      This port has installed the following files which may act as network
      servers and may therefore pose a remote  risk to the system.
/usr/local/bin/php
/usr/local/bin/php-cgi
      If there are vulnerabilities in these programs there may be a 
      risk to the system. FreeBSD makes no guarantee about the  of
      ports included in the Ports Collection. Please type 'make deinstall'
      to deinstall the port if this is a concern.
      For more information, and contact details about the 
      status of this software, see the following webpage:
http://www.php.net/
===>  Cleaning for php5-5.2.9
--->  Cleaning out obsolete shared libraries
[Updating the pkgdb  in /var/db/pkg ... - 249 packages found (-0 +1) . done]

Once done, you need to upgrade and set new php configuration files which is located at /usr/local/etc/php.ini and /usr/local/etc/php/.

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