GIT – In this handbook we will see how to and configure a server which relays through Gmail. Recently I had to decommission one of my local mail servers and setting up to relay through Gmail seemed to be the most viable solution.

A lot of sites out there also seem to insist on having a client certificate when relaying to Gmail, and let me tell you that this is not required as most of them say.

I do not want to have any certificates created and installed, and just want my local to simply relay through Gmail.

So to summarize this handbook shows you how to configure Postfix to relay through Gmail without having any certificates.

Requirements

  • root access or sudo rights

Tested and verified

The setup explained in this handbook has been tested and verified on:

  • 9.0 system
  • postfix-2.9.3,1
  • cyrus-sasl-2.1.25_2

Installation of Postfix

First lets install Postfix from the FreeBSD Ports Tree.

To install Postfix execute the below:

$ sudo make -C /usr/ports/mail/postfix install clean

Postfix Configuration Menu
 

Make sure to select the SASL2 and TLS options from the configuration menu.

Configuration of Postfix

Now we can configure Postfix to relay through Gmail.

Below you will find a working main.cf file for Postfix which relays through Gmail.

Please refert to smtpd(8) man page for explanation of the configuration options used in the example configuration file.

Here is how my main.cf file looks like:

# General options
queue_directory = /var/spool/postfix
command_directory = /usr/local/sbin
daemon_directory = /usr/local/libexec/postfix
data_directory = /var/db/postfix
mail_owner = postfix
unknown_local_recipient_reject_code = 550
debug_peer_level = 2
# Alias maps
alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases
# My hostname, domain, origin, networks
myhostname = mail.example.org
mydomain = example.org
myorigin = example.org
inet_interfaces = <mail-server-address>
inet_protocols = ipv4
mynetworks = 127.0.0.0/8, <network>
# SASL options
smtp_sasl_auth_enable = yes
smtp_sasl__maps = hash:/usr/local/etc/postfix/sasl_passwd
smtp_sasl_security_options = noanonymous
# TLS options
smtp_use_tls = yes
smtp_tls_security_level = encrypt
tls_random_source = dev:/dev/urandom
# Relay host
relayhost = [smtp.gmail.com]:587

The only things you need to edit in the above configuration file in order to match your setup is:

  • myhostname
  • mydomain
  • myorigin
  • inet_interfaces
  • my_networks

Please edit them and save the configuration file.

Setting up Postfix permissions

Now we need to setup proper permissions for Postfix.

To do that just execute the command below:

$ sudo postfix -c /usr/local/etc/postfix set-permissions

Creating the aliases maps

In order to create the aliases maps, execute the commands below:

$ sudo newaliases
$ sudo postalias /etc/aliases

Authenticating to Gmail

The next thing we need to do is to be able to authenticate to Gmail using our username and password.

To do that we need to create the /usr/local/etc/postfix/sasl_passwd file with the below content:

smtp.gmail.com    <username>:<password>

Now hash the file, so that Postfix can use it:

$ sudo postmap /usr/local/etc/postfix/sasl_passwd

Secure the password files:

$ sudo chmod 0600 /usr/local/etc/postfix/sasl_passwd*
$ sudo chown root:wheel /usr/local/etc/postfix/sasl_passwd*

Starting Postfix during boot-time

Now that we are done with the installation and configuration of Postfix, we would want that it starts during boot-time.

To do that add the following line to your /etc/rc.conf file:

postfix_enable="YES"

And now start Postfix:

$ sudo service postfix start

Testing it out

Now that all is done we can finally test if our setup is working well.

To do that just send a test email and check /var/log/maillog that the mail is being processed correctly.

$ echo "test mail" | mail -s "test subject" user@gmail.com

Check in /var/log/maillog that everything is OK.

Further reading

If you want to have your local relay server be used also from all machines in your network, you might want to take a look at mail/ssmtp.

The FreeBSD Handbook provides a nice article on how to setup mail/ssmtp on your FreeBSD system, so you might want to check that as well.

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